Myth: The US had no reason to be involved in Viet Nam.
Fact: The Manila Pact authorized American assistance to any IndoChinese nation facing communist aggression. Furthermore, the US had signed multiple support agreements throughout the years and was committed, first to the French and then to the South Vietnamese, to fulfill those agreements.
- Fearing communist aggression in Asia, the United States reluctantly supported the French in their efforts to reclaim Indochina as a colony, albeit somewhat independent.
- After the Geneva Accords ended the war between France and Vietnamese communists, President Eisenhower ordered Secretary of State John Foster Dulles to establish an alliance to combat communist aggression in IndoChina.
- The US, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand and Pakistan were signatories in 1954.
- Troops from the US, Great Britain, Australia, South Korea, New Zealand, Thailand, the Philippines and Taiwan fought for South Vietnam.
- The South Vietnamese Premier, Ngo Diem, repeatedly requested, and received, American help in defending his country from communist aggression.